Scientists have trained the spider to jump on command
Researchers managed to teach the spider to jump on command. All this to find out exactly how these small creatures manage to jump such great distances. Scientists’ work could result in a new generation of robots in the future.
There are many speciesow spideroin whichore able to jump, but the species Phidippus regius Of the skakunidae family, it does so after krolewsku, hence it is called kroleft jumping spider (regal jumping spider). Scientists used this particular species for their research. One of the spiderow, a female named Kim by the scientists, has been studied in many waysow. All this to determine how these small creatures manage to jump such great distances.
University of Manchester researchers want to replicate the technique of jumpingow spider in a new generation of micro-robotsow. Their research was published on „Scientific Reports”.
Phidippus regius is an unusual species. It reaches about twooch centimeteroin length and is extremely intelligent. Methodob of grasping prey roThe spider is different from the one thatory can be observed in other spidersow. The creatures sneak up on their prey, only to jump on and grab it in the final stage.
These spiders can jump a distance of six times their body length. Da porownania humans can barely jump a distance of about 1.5 times their body length. Obviously, this is about jumping from a place (the distance jumping competition was played at the Summer Olympics from 1900 to 1912. The record was set by Ray Ewry in 1904 by jumping 3.47 meters).
But teaching the spiderow of jumping was not an easy task. The most indulgent spider turned out to be the aforementioned female Kim. Scientists have recorded dozens of jumpsoIn Kim using high-tech apparatusesoIn photography to discover the secrets of her amazing technique.
The study found that these spiders have several rostyleoin jumpingodepending on the distances at whichor they want to get. At close range (approximately two body lengths), Kim preferred a faster and lower flight trajectory. But for longer jumpsow (about six body lengths) benefited from a more energy-efficient style of.
Scientists have noted roAlso, Kim hooked the web to the platform before jumping. It can perform flight stabilization or belay functions – in case the target proves too far away.
Spiders use hydraulic pressure from fluidow legs to extend their limbs, but it is still unclear whether they can use hydraulic pressure to enhance or even replace muscle strength during jumping.
– Our results suggest that while Kim can move its legs using hydraulics, it needs no additional power beyond muscle power to achieve exceptional jumping performanceow – said Bill Crowther, a member of the research team. – Therefore, the role of hydraulic movement in the spiderow remains an open question – added.
This study has not only led to a deeper understanding of the anatomy of the Phidippus regius. It has roAlso important implications for building the aforementioned small robotsow. Drawing inspiration from nature can helpoc in solving someoriches with limitations, and jumping spideroin offer several indicationsowek.
The result of the observations was the construction of a model of the spider’s body structure and its nog. Analysis of the recordings, combined with the models, allowed the researchers to better understand the forces underlying jumping Phidippus regius. However, the mechanism built to jumpoin the ultimately zawiodł. The researchers are working on a new.
Thanks to the work of scientistsow can develop new models of roboticoIn jumping or flying. – The force on the legs during a jump can be up to five times the weight of a spider. This amazing. If we can understand howob these spiders do, we will be able to apply the knowledge gained to other areasoin the research – noted Mostafa Nabawy, a microsystem engineeroin roAlso involved in the research.